Reason and Future of the Nation-State

Blog. Jose Luis Tejeda González. The article published in the Global Journal, entitled "Reason and future of the nation-state&q...

Blog. Jose Luis Tejeda González.

The article published in the Global Journal, entitled "Reason and future of the nation-state" was made in the framework of the expansion of globalization and the crisis of national states. Everything would indicate that regionalization and globalization would reduce the importance and relevance of nation-states. There had already been a boom in nationalism with the demolition of the communist block and the disappearance of the USSR, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia. It even seemed that the new emerging national realities would stabilize and regroup in European integration, in a post-national world. The broader project of regional integration that was the European Union, attracts nations from the old communist block and everything marches smooth sailing. The containment of globalization at the gates of Russian reality and the rise of british euroscepticism are holding back the expansion of globalization at the end of the first decade of the current century. In a contradictory movement, separatist tendencies appear, which put the existence and centrality of the national States in trouble, in full swing of European integration. Scotland in Great Britain and Barcelona in Spain set separatist tendencies that try to break national unity and reintegrate in other terms into globalization and regionalization.

Conditions tend to change rapidly. Movements and emerging political groupings increase the pressure against integration and globalization processes, breaking the balance and political stability in the metropolitan areas of the world system. The victory of the political group "Syriza" in Greece, located on the margins of the national left, brings to the fore the issue of public debt, restrictive economic policies and the management of the economic and social crisis. The situation reaches a point of tension that implied the possibility of Greece's exit from the “euro” zone and align with Russia's interests in the area. Such a point is not reached, although the challenge to globalization and regionalization, from a fringe on the left, reaches its highest point. It is from a more conservative perspective and from the extreme right where would it come from the challenge to the strongest globalization. The left attends the economic and social issue as the priority. The tendencies of the extreme right tend to seek the closing of borders, especially to stop migration and the proliferation of multicultural realities. The "British Brexit", already approved, points in this direction. And above all, Donald Trump's victory in the United States in 2016, tends to reinforce nationalist policies, of breakdown of globalization and regionalization. Faced to more nationalistic and authoritarian leaderships in Russia, the USA and China, the expectations of globalization have varied.

It is no longer possible to assume that globalization is going to impose as naturally as it had been happening. It won't be easy either a thorough reconstruction of the model of nation states, in conditions of global integration in diverse fields such as health or ecology, beyond the intentions and political decisions of governments. The article reflects, therefore, the existing and growing tension between globalization and the crisis of nation states. There is an attempt to update and resize the national, in what could be the crisis at the same time of globalization model. Rather, updates will be given both to the overall process and to the accompanying national frameworks. 
It is not easy to conclude with the omen of triumph or the bankruptcy of one of the two trends. The global is there, with an undoubted own strength and the frameworks of the national, are more than a remora from the past or a magic wand to return to a lost time. Globalization and nation states will be in struggle, in conflict, in tension, in contradiction, in a world of increasing complexity and diversity. The article tries to delve into the global and national dynamics of an interconnected world that cannot be separated from its origins and roots.

Academic profile of the author.
Jose Luis Tejeda González, hails from Tierra Blanca, Veracruz, Mexico. He obtained a degree in Sociology at the Autonomous University of Nuevo León, a Master's and a Doctorate in Political Science at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
He is the author of the books: “El proceso de democratización en México, 1968-1982”, published in 1991, “Las encrucijadas de la democracia moderna” (1996), “Las fronteras de la modernidad” (1998), “La transición y el pantano. Poder, política y elecciones en el México actual (1997-2003)”, which published in 2004“, “La ruta de la ciudadanía” (2009), “Latinoamérica fracturada. Identidad, política e integración en América Latina” (2010) y “El asalto contra la democracia mexicana” (2015). 
Latest published articles: 
“Las dimensiones de la sociedad civil”, Polis Magazine, Volume 10, Number 1, 2014. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa. “Víctimas, la anulación de los sujetos”, Forum Magazine, Number 14, 2018. National University of Colombia.
He currently works as Full Professor at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Xochimilco.



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Global Journals | Social Innovations & Stories Blog: Reason and Future of the Nation-State
Reason and Future of the Nation-State
Global Journals | Social Innovations & Stories Blog
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